Grand Inga Dam is a titanic hydroelectric project on the Congo River with an enormous electric grid that would start from Inga Falls extending physically, and taking its ramifications with it, from South Africa to Egypt. Started in the 70s, this project has become an obsession for the Congo and a gold mine for foreign investors. Its plans will include the rehabilitation of the Inga 1 and 2 dams, as well as constructing Inga 3 and 4.
The number of people migrating to and from South Africa has remained constant but the type of people leaving is creating an economic burden for the country. With many academics, entrepreneurs and skilled workers leaving the country, South Africa is struggling to keep up with the rest of the world.
Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP) refers to people who live under $3,000 (about R34,000) annually. In South Africa, it is estimated that approximately 30 million, or two out of three people, live at the BoP. During the past decade, more and more private companies have started to show interest in the low-income market and became involved in BoP business in various forms.